We are glad that you are here. Generally, there are naturally more articles on coffee, Nespresso pods and compostable Nespresso pods. Other interesting posts on plastic-free coffee capsules are for instance from leading media publishers, or Moving Beans. Alternatively read our pertinent blog on Nespresso pods.
We are often being asked what bioplastics are, or what is the significance of an item being biodegradable or compostable? Exists any relationship between bioplastics and biodegradability? How should we customers handle these products?
In this blog, we attempt to break down these principles through simple descriptions that will ideally assist you much better comprehend their meaning and be more familiar with the options you are taking as a consumer. Let’s go step by step:
These are products that are either originated from biomass (e.g. plants, such as corn or sugarcane) or are biodegradable; or undoubtedly feature both properties. They vary from standard plastics because the latter are made from fossil oil (petrol). The advantages of using renewable materials to produce bioplastics are: increase in resource performance (e.g. use of biomass for various functions), decrease of the carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions (those that significantly add to climate change); and saving fossil resources by gradually replacing them.
Biodegradation is a process – a chemical process – during which bacteria that are available in the environment transform products into natural substances such as water, carbon dioxide, and compost (artificial additives are not required). The procedure of biodegradation depends on the surrounding environmental conditions (e.g. area or temperature), on the products included and on the process itself. This process can take brief amount of times (weeks and months) or extended periods of time (10s or even hundreds of years).
The residential or commercial property of biodegradation does not depend on the source product of the product however is rather connected to its chemical structure. It is for that reason essential to understand that ‘Bio-based’ does not suggest ‘naturally degradable’. Simply put, plastic items made from biomass (a kind of bioplastic) are not necessarily biodegradable. On the other hand, some petrol-based plastics may be eco-friendly.
The household of bioplastics can be divided into three main groups:
– bio-based (or partially bio-based) however non-biodegradable plastics (e.g. PE, PP, PET, PTT or TPC-ET);.
– plastics that are both bio-based and naturally degradable (e.g. PLA, PHA or PBS);.
– petrol-based plastics that are naturally degradable (e.g. PBAT).
Composting is likewise a process– a chemical procedure. It is the process of biodegradation under aerobic conditions (existence of complimentary oxygen) within a time frame of 6-12 weeks. There are 2 ways to perform this procedure: industrially or home-compost.
Industrially compostable conditions are very specific and they have actually been specified under the European standard EN 13432 for product packaging items and adopted by the British Standard Institution under BS EN 13432 requirement. Just those packaging products that fulfill the stringent requirements of the EN 13432 requirement are given with the certification of OK-Compost Industrial and can be unambiguously considered industrially compostable. In practice, this suggests that you can dispose this material in your natural waste bin for it to be sent out to the closest industrial composting facility.
Home-compostable product packaging instead is not covered under one single widely-known requirement but rather within several country-based ones. Since the conditions in a home-compost are not that manageable as in the case of an industrial compost, this is. Under home-composting condition temperatures and humidity can vary considerably from place to place, and year on year, not always achieving the best decomposition in a sensible timeframe.
Nowadays, however, society and specialists in the field see the requirement for moving into this instructions if we wish to become more sustainable. That is why we might see really intriguing advancements and developments in this home-composability area in the following years.
Moving Beans is a company that has been providing compostable coffee capsules for many years, with more info under Moving Beans. Or go through a good article on compostable Nespresso pods. They were the first to deliver aluminium-free Nespresso-compatible coffee pods.